MAJOR RAMAYANA ROUND TOUR11 Nights / 12 Days
MAJOR RAMAYANA ROUND TOUR - 11 NIGHT 12 DAYS
DAY 01 - AIRORT / CHILAW / ANURADHAURA
On arrival at Colombo Airport, you will be warmly welcome by our Representative, will be Arrange Local Guide Lecture, Luxury Transport Service Local Sim Cards, Money changing facilities INR to LKR proceed toAnuradapura ( 1st Capital of Sri Lanka ) en-route visiting , Replica of Murugan Temple , Munneshwaram&Manavari Temple,check- in the Hotel Dinner & Overnight stay in HOTEL INANURADHAPURA .
DAY 02 - ANURADHAPURA / MANNAR / JAFFNA
After b/fast, sightseeing tour Around Anuradhapura including Sri MahaBodi tree and other important Buddhist monuments,proceed to Jaffna en-route visiting visiting ketheshwaramTemple in Mannar(Related of Historical Lankapura Ramayana ) ,afterwards drive to Jaffna on the way visiting some of evidence passed civil war , Dinner & Overnight stay in HOTEL IN JAFFNA .
DAY 03 - JAFFNA / NAINATIVE ISLAND /JAFFNA
After b/fast traveling by vehicle nearly 35 k to the Nainative island, get into the ferry boat and travel to the Delf island, back to Nainative island, visit Nagapooshanee Amman Temple &Nagadeepa Buddhist Temple, (Buddha visited place) back to Jaffna town sightseeing tour including NallurkandashamyTemle, Naguleshwaram Temple in Kirimale, .SelvaSannidhiMurugan Temple, Some of memorials of Portuguese and Dutch period, specially Fort etc, Dinner & overnight stay at HOTELIN JAFFNA
NagapushaniAmmanTemple is a historic Hindu temple located on the island of Nainativu, west of the Jaffna peninsula. It is dedicated to Parvati who is locally known as Nagapushani and to her consort Shiva who is named as Nayanar here. Adi Shankara, India's great 9th century Vedanta philosopher, identified it as one of 64 Shakti Pithas. For Tamil people this temple for the goddess traditionally is eminently respectable. An annual 16 dayMahostavam festival of this Nagapushani Amman temple on Nainativu Island held in June is usually attended by more than 100,000 pilgrims.
The historic Kandaswamy Temple in Nallur, not far away from Jaffna's town centre, is dedicated to Lord Murugan in the form of the divine spear Vel, a well-known symbol of Tamil religiousness. Founded in the 10th century this Skanda Temple was enlarged during the 13th to 15th century when Jaffna was a major principality of the island, especially under ChempahaPerumal, who later on became the Sinhalese king Bhuvenaikabahu VI in Kotte. The original Nallur temple was destroyed by the Portuguese and replaced by a church. But within the former temple premises, called KurukkalValavu, the current temple building was erected in 1749, during the Dutch colonial. Sinhalese name means a marketplace of oath. Today the temple is respected as a suitable place for oaths that can be helpful settling disputes between parties
Nagapushani Amman Temple is a historic Hindu temple located on the island of Nainativu, west of the Jaffna peninsula. It is dedicated to Parvati who is locally known as Nagapushani and to her consort Shiva who is named as Nayinar here. Adi Shankara, India's great 9th century Vedanta philosopher, identified it as one of the 64 Shakti Pithas. For Tamil people this temple for the Goddess traditionally is eminently respectable. An annual 16 dayMahostavam festival of this Nagapushani Amman temple on Nainativu Island held in June is usually attended by more than 100,000 pilgrims.
SelvaSaniddhi is the most northern temple along the famous Pada Yatra pilgrimage route. The temple is located in Thondaimanaru 25 outside Jaffna, and in only 9 kms distance to Point Pedro, the northernmost spot of the island. SelvaSaniddhi is a place of Vel worship. The venerated silver spear once has been brought here from its main sanctuary in Kataragama, called Katirkaman by Tamils. SelvaSannidhi is Sri Lanka's Murugan temple farthest away from Kataragama/Katirkaman
DAY 04 - JAFNA
After b/fast travel to the Nilawarai in puthur , visit kachachative island , back to the Jaffna city , evening relax in the hotel Dinner & overnight stay in HOTEL IN JAFFNA
Nilawari, also spelled Nilavarai, is located in Puthur 14 kms northeast of Jaffna town. Nilawari is popular among locals and tourists on a pilgrimage because of its giant natural underground water well of unknown depth. The water is a little bit salty, but drinkable. The well never dries up, not even during severe droughts. It is told that when Lord Rama's army entered Lanka they took positions on different sides. The army situated in the northern dry zone faced a severe water crisis. But Lord Rama shot a magic arrow into the ground and water sprung out immediately. Another version of the legend has it that the arrow was shot by Hanuman to satisfy the thirst of Rama
Kachchativu is a small isla in the middle of the Palk Strait, halfway between Jaffna and India's Rameswaram. It is one of the spots associated with the much-loved story of Hanuman carrying through the air a part of the Himalayas to Lanka in order to cure Rama and Lakshmana from otherwise never-healing wounds. Only special herbs from the Himalayas could help, but Hanuman had forgotten their complicated names when he arrived in the Himalaya Mountains, so he took a whole hill of it back to Lanka. But on the way he lost some parts of it. So one of these rocks fallen down from the air is Kachchativu island
DAY 05 - JAFFNA / TRINCOMALEE
After b/fast, proceed to Trincomalee ,en-route visiting RavanaHot water wells,LuxmiNarayana Temple sightseeing tour around NilaveliBeach Dinner & overnight stay in HOTEL IN TRINCOMALEE
DAY 06 - TRINCOMALEE / SIGIRIYA
After b/fast, proceed to Kandy on the way visiting, Shankari Devi Shakthi PeetamTemple &TirukoneshwaramTemple,Maha Kali Amman Temple,in the evining hours Sigiriya Lion Rockfortress, (can be visible from the Down )Dinner & Overnight stay in HOTELIN SIGIRIYA .
In the rock garden area of Sigiriya there is the Cobra Hooded Cave. It is a rock-shelter surmounted by a boulder in the form of a cobra hood. It is one of the many spots believed to have been a palace of Sita's captivity on Lanka. An inscription mentioning a Naguliya Lena is said to be a proof for it as Naguliya is identified with Sita as allegedly both names can have the same meaning "born from a furrow", because "Naguliya" could be derived from the words for snakes and for plough. But historians believe Naguliya to be the name of a local chieftain who donated the cave to the Buddhist order. In the Ramayana Trail legend, even the ancient rock fortress Sigiriya itself is sometimes claimed to have been a palace of Ravana, because historically it is connected to the cult of Kuwera. Kuwera was the step brother of Ravana who became his successor as King of Lanka.
DAY 07 - SIGIRIYA / DUNUWILA / LAGGALA / MATALE / KANDY
After b/fast proceed to Kandy En-route Visiting Dambulla Golden Buddha Temple, Dunuvila( Arrow Lake) Laggala ( Target Rock ) evening Reach to Kandy , view a witness ofTraditional Cultural Dance show , Attend a Pooja Ceremony in the sacred Temple of Tooth Relic , Dinner & overnight Stay in HOTEL IN KANDY .
Dunuvila on the outskirts of Wasgamuwa National Park is sometimes spelled Dunuwila, Dunuvila, or Dunuwilla. It is said to have been the place from where Lord Rama fired the deadly Brahmasthram weapon at King Ravana. The reason for this identification is: "Dunu" which means arrow and "Vila" which means Lake. So it is explained that this place got its name because Lord Rama fired his arrow from this lake
Laggala near Dunuvila is another place in the northeastern area of the Highlands which in recent times became associated with the Ramayana, because the name Laggala or Lakgala or Lakegala is derived form the Sinhala term Elakke Gala meaning target Rock. Laggala is said to have served as a watchtower for King Ravana's army, and it was from Laggala that Lord Rama's army was sighted by Ravana's soldiers for the first time. Not only is the beginning of the war of Lanka associated with Laggala, but even more so for its final fight. The top of Laggala is flat; this is believed to have resulted from being hit by the Brahmasthram weapon after Lord Rama had fired it from Dunuvila killing the target Ravana on this rock
DAY 08 - KANDY / YAHANGALA / SITA KOTUWA / GURULUPOTHA / NUWARAELIYA
After b/fast Proceed to Nuwaraeliya, Via Hasalaka , on the way visiting Yehangala,( Bed Rock) Seetha Kotuwa. (Fortress of Sita )Gurulupotha ( Ravana’s Aircraft Center) travel to the up country Called little England or Nuwaraeliya Dinner & overnight stay at HOTEL IN NUWARAELIYA.
Yahangala means bedrock. The Ramayana Trail legend interprets this name in the following way: King Ravana's dead body was kept upon this rock for his fellow countrymen to allow them to pay their last respects to their departed highly respected king. There is another local legend giving an alternative version of the meaning of Yahangala telling Ravana did not really die but only became unconscious. His body remains hidden in the rock, laid on his left side. In 2012 he was supposed to turn to right side. And one day he will wake up again.
Gurulupotha is believed to have served as an aircraft repair center in the capital city of King Ravana, because the Sinhalese name Gurulupotha means "parts of birds". In Valmiki's depiction of King Ravana'sPushpaka Vimana, the "flowery vehicle", resembled a cloud. But is also believed to have had the shape of a huge peacock, and was therefore called Dandu Monara, "flying peacock". But sometimes the Pushpaka Vimana and the Dandu Monara are said to have been different kinds of prehistoric aircrafts used by Ravana.
SitaKotuwa is situated close to Gurulupotha, Hasalaka. It is a beautiful remote spot, surrounded by streams and waterfalls and limestone caves and abundant flora and fauna, where ruins of a typical forest monastery from the late Anuradhapura centuries (7th to 10th century) can be visited. But the name SitaKotuwa meaning "Sita's fortress" connects it to the Ramayana Trail. The area is said to have been the beautiful palace of queen Mandothari. Sitadevi was held captive in this palace until she was moved to Asoka Vatika. SitaKotuwa means Sita's fortress
Weragantota means "place of aircraft landing" in Sinhala language. It is believed to be the airport where Sitadevi landed was she was abducted to Lanka in King Ravana'sPushpaka Vimana. In the surrounding area, now covered by jungle, once was the location of Ravana's city Lankapura. According to the Ramayana the city had a beautiful palace for queen Mandothar
DAY 09 - NUWARELIYA / RAMBODA / RAVANAGODA / NUWARAELIYA
After b/fast, travel to Rambodaen –route visiting Gayathree Amman Temple , Mani Katthuter in , Labookellie, Ramboda Hanuman Temple , Ramboda water falls ,PussellawaMountainRange and SitaPokuna, ( Sita tear pond ) back to Nuwaraeliya , Dinner & Overnight stay at HOTEL IN NUWARAELIYA
Gayathri Pitam,also spelled GayaththriPeedam, inside Nuwara Eliya town is the first and foremost temple built for Gayathri Amman in Sri Lanka, Gayatri being an aspect of Saraswati and the Universal Mother. The temple was founded by the Gayathri Siddhar Swami Murusegu. The Shiva Lingam for this Tamil temple was brought from the Holy River Narmada. Gayathri Pitam is said to be the place from where King Ravana's son Meghanath propitiated Lord Shiva with penance and worship and in turn was granted super natural powers by the mighty god.
Mani Kattuther is a small and flat rock boulder within the tea plantations of Labookellie estate. It is believed that Lord Hanuman, after meeting Sitadevi, rested on this hill top on his way back to Lord Rama with the happy news of finding his missed consort. Nowadays an open temple with statues of Lord Rama, Sita, Lakshmana and Hanuman stands on top of it. Locals visit the holy place frequently.
The Sri Lanka branch of the Chinmaya mission, commited to promoting the Ramayanaphilosophy as well as Ramayana Trailpilgrimages, has built a temple withHanuman as a presiding deity in Ramboda at the Kandy to NuwaraEliyamainroad.There is a new five metres tall granite statue of Rama's devote supporter.Hanuman is believed to havestarted his searching for Sita in the Baroda hills.Hanuman traditionally was not as popular among Sri Lankan Tamildevotees as he indeedis in India, because he devastated parts of the island with his burning tail. But in recent times Hindu missionaries and local Tamil spiritual leaders began building shrines for worshippingHanuman in Sri Lanka, too. TheTamil word for Ramboda, Rampadai,Means "Rama's force", this is why Ramboda is believed the area where Rama collected histroops.
The summit of the mountain next to Pussallawa is the site where Lord Hanuman first set his foot on Lanka. Close to Pusselawa there is a barren piece of land in the jungle called SitaPokuna, also known as Sita Tear Pond. Remarkably no vegetation except grass grows on this piece of land which is surrounded by a dense forest. SitaPokuna is one of the many places believed to have been, at times, an abode of Sita during her captivity in Lanka, namely when Ravana transferred her from his palace to Ashok Vatika. Thereby SitaPokuna is a stopover on the so-called Chariot Path. Pokuna is a Sinhalese word for pond. Local folklore tells that the pond dried up after the departure of Sitadevi from this site
The Kotmale valley area opposite to the Ramboda hills is another place where Sita is said to have stayed during her transit from Ravana's palace to the Ashok Vatika. RavanaGoda is one of the caves believed to belong to an underground network of tunnels in Ravana's kingdom. The main cave entrance was closed because of a landslide in 1947. Locals believe this part of the complex was used as a prison by Ravana. The cave until now has not been fully explored.
DAY 10 - NUWARAELIYA / RAVANA ELLA / KATARAGAMA
After b/fast Proceed to kataragamaEn-route Visiting SitaAmamanTemple, Ashoka Vanam ,DivrompolaSitaDevi Agni Tested Place , Ishtripura caves in welimada ,Ravana waterfalls, RavanaCaves , Udaganawa( Related of LankapuraRamayana ) arrive in kataragama ,Dinner & overnight stay at HOTEL IN KATARAGAMA
The Sinhalese word Ishtripura or Shtripura means "area of women". It is said that Ravana shifted Sita to this cave as a precautionary measure after Lord Hanuman's advent on Lanka. Legend has it that Sitadevi took a bath in the nearby stream and afterwards dried her hair sitting on a rock and put clips to her hair, hence this rock is known as Konda Kattu Gala, Konda means hair, and Kattu are clips
The Ravana Ella Falls and the Rawana Ella Cave are located close to the Wellawayamainroad in the famous valley called Ella gap, only about 6 kms away from the town of Ella well known for its splendid views to the Ella gap. The cascading waterfall measures about 25 metres. It is believed that Sita bathed in a pool that accumulated the water falling from this waterfall. The nearby Rawana Ella cave is quite small, only 50 metres long. As in the case of Ishthripura Cave in Welimada, legend has it that it was used by King Rawana to hide princess Sita. It is believed to belong to a network of tunnels also connecting it to the Dova temple and to all the palaces and airports and dairy farms of King Ravana. Archaeological findings in the Rawana Cave include a human skull dating back to 20,000 BC
These tunnels prove beyond doubt the architectural brilliance of King Ravana. These tunnels served as a quick means of transport through the hills and also as a secret passage. These tunnels networked all the important cities, airport and dairy farms. A close look at these tunnels indicates that they are where a palace and a tunnel existed. Existing tunnels mouths are situated in Ishtripura at Welimada, Ravana cave at Bandarawela, Senapitiya at Halagala, Ramboda, Labookellie, Wariyapola, Matale and SitakotuwaHasalaka. In addition there are many more tunnels.
Yudaganawa is an excavation area only a few kilometres west of Puttalam at the Wellawaya to Monaragala main road A4. The Kinkine Vihara is situated here, the largest Buddhist stupa of the island's south. The Ramayana Trail legend has it that Yudaganawa (instead of the formerly identified Yudaganapitiya in the northern highlands) was the arena for the final battle between Rama and Ravana. It is said that the destruction caused by this war is the reason why this piece of land can never bear any vegetation again.
DAY 11 - KATARAGAMA / GALLE / COLOMBO
After b/fastvisit KataragamaMuruganTemple,proceed to Colombo En-visiting kirinda beach , Ussangoda , RumassalaSanjeewanee drops, Sinigama God Temple,arrive in Colombo check-in to the Hotel , after refreshment ,Colombo sightseeing tour , Dinner & Overnight stay at HOTEL IN COLOMBO
Kataragama is the name of the God and his hometown as well. Kataragama is the Sinhalese form of Skanda, also known as Subhramaniya. He usually is called Murugan or Karthikeya by Tamils. His local consort Valli and his Indian consort Teyvanai (Devasena) and his brother Ganesha are worshipped in their respective own shrines in the holy city of Kataragama, too. Sinhalese worship Skanda-Kataragama as one of their four or five national Gods, especially as protector of the island's south. For Buddhists, Kataragama is a place additionally sanctified by a visit of the Buddha. Even WeddaTribals and Muslim Sufis regard Kataragama as a prominent place of worshipping God. Kataragamadeiyo furthermore is linked to the Ramayana Trail legend. Lord Indra is said to have given him orders to join the battle at the last day of the war to protect Lord Rama from the powerful wrath of Lanka's demon king Ravana.
According to the Sinhalese tradition, the temple of the Kirinda marks the place where Princes Viharamaha Devi landed after her father, the king of Kelaniya, set her adrift on a golden vessel. Later on she became the consort of Sri Lanka's most famous King Dutugemunu. The Ramayana Trail legend tells that Seetha was kept captive here for nearly one year. Ravana administrative capital was Ravana Kotte. This is identified as the Basses reefs Southeast of Kirinda. Though the palace is sunk in the sea, some parts of it are said to be seen sometimes during low tides
Ussangoda is a strange coastal area because of its lack of trees. Its serpentine rock contains heavy toxic metals. Only specific smaller plants were able to adapt to this soil. But according to the Ramayana legend, there are two more explanations for the baldness of Ussangoda. After meeting Sitadevi, Lord Hanuman provoked the mighty King Ravana and his army of Rakshasas. It resulted in Lord Hanuman's tail being set on fire by Rakshasas. Hanuman in turn went on to torch parts of King Ravana's empire with his burning tail. Ussangoda is said to be one of these burnt areas. Besides the Ramyana Trail legend has it that earlier on the Ussangoda plateau was used an airport by King Ravana for his Dandu Monara peacock chariot, before Hanuman devastated the landing site.
Rumassala hill 3 kms east of Galle is the landmark of Unuwatuna beach because of the picturesque white Buddhist dagoba on top of it. Rumassala rock is one of the five Sri Lankan spots believed to originate from parts of Mount Dronagiri. They fell down when Hanuman carried the Dronagiri on his flight back to Lanka in order to use its Sanjiwani herb to rescue Lakhshmana and Rama who were in need of this medical plant to be reanimated after suffering severe injuries. Rumassala is also said to be an abode of Sita during her stay in Lanka.
Seenigama is a small village on the south-west coast close to Hikkaduwa, Sri Lanka's most popular beach resort for coral reef snorkeling. The Seenigama temple is situated on a very small island. This Devale is dedicated to the local God DevolDeviyo, who protects fishermen and their boats. The Ramayana trail legend has it that Seenigama was the landing place from where Sugriva, King of the Varanas and their monkey army, launched his onslaught on Ravana's demon army
DAY 12 - COLOMBO / AIRPORT
After b/fast , visit PanchamugaAnjaneyer Hanuman Temple( only one in Sri Lanka ) kalaniyaVibeeshanaTemple & Ancient historical Buddha Temple( Buddha Visited place ) Colombo Sightseeing tour , Transfer to the Airport according the flight scheduled.
Hanuman is often called Anjaneyar by Tamils, as his mother's name is Anjan. This Kovil is the first Anjaneyar temple in Sri Lanka and the only one on the island dedicated to Lord Hanuman in his Panchamuga form; meaning five faces. And it is said to be the only temple in the world to have a chariot for Anjaneyar. Its chariot festival is held annually at the end of December or in the beginning of January. It is one of the most popular processions in Sri Lanka's capital Colombo. Visitors are advised to wash hands and feet before entering the temple and not to cross hands inside the temple.
Kelaniya is a Buddhist sanctuary because it was believed to have been visited by the Buddha himself. Within the temple premises there is a Hindu shrine, too. It is dedicated to Lord Vibhishana who was the younger brother of Ravana but during the legendary war on Lanka a supporter of Lord Rama, because he disapproved of Ravana's abduction of Sita. After Ravana's death Rama appointed Vibhishana as the new King of Lanka. Vibhishana is venerated by Sinhalese Buddhists as a God, they believe him to be one of the main protectors of the island, especially in its western territories.
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